The meaning of the word Taxco comes from the Nahuatl vocabulary Tlachco , composed of two elements: tlach , which means “ball game” and the locative > co , “in” or “place” , which together translates to “place where you play ball” . The addition of Alarcón was assigned to him in memory of the outstanding tax writer and playwright Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza.
Before the arrival of the Spaniards, Taxco was not the same population whose indigenous designation gave rise to the current one. The town known as Taxco el Viejo , located approximately 15 kilometers south of the current city, was the most important seat in the whole region.
In Taxco there resided a Lord or Tlatoani designated by the Aztec empire , and there settled the head of one of the 7 tributary provinces that the mexicas established in the current state territory. According to the Mendocino Codex, he paid tribute with bee honey, jícaras, incense, military instruments and tilmas carved.
The current Taxco is settled in the place that was known as Tetelcingo , which means Nahuatl “Little Hill” , which was part of the which became known as Real y Minas de Taxco and which included Tetelcingo, Tenango and Cantarranas. In 1581, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza was born, a great playwright and Taxco pride. He studied law at the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico and, at the beginning of the seventeenth century, traveled to Spain where he obtained a bachelor of canons degree from the University of Salamanca; He worked as a lawyer in Seville for a while before returning to Mexico to finish his law studies. Alarcón is one of the most important dramatists of the so-called Golden Age of the Spanish language.
In the 18th century, the city reached its greatest development when Don José de la Borda,
“The Phoenix of the Rich Miners of America”, discovered an important silver deposit that exploded and made a great fortune. The construction of the Church of Santa Prisca in 1759 was paid by de la Borda in gratitude to God for the fabulous wealth accumulated thanks to the silver mines , coining what was the motto from his house: God gives Borda, Borda gives to God. During the War of Independence, Taxco witnessed important acts, including the drafting of the Iguala Plan, in the convent of San Bernardino de Siena, where Agustín de Iturbide wrote the documents that gave rise to the so-called “Abrazo de Acatempan” and that resulted in the union of the realistic forces of Iturbide with the Insurgents, under Vicente Guerrero.
In 1850, Taxco was legally constituted as a municipality, being one of the 38 that integrated the State of Guerrero when it was created. For the 20th century, the government emanating from the Mexican Revolution established the criteria to develop the tourist activity , and entrusted Don Manuel Toussaint the development of a monograph of the municipality, activity is promoted by the Ministry of Finance at the time. This marked the insertion of Taxco in the tourist life of Mexico.
In 1929, the American architect William Spratling formed the first silver jewelry workshop in Taxco, “Las Delicias” , promoting an industry that over time. and thanks to the school that its founder left, it would turn this city into the “Silver Capital of the World”.
Taxco is one of the sites that stands out as potential to structure plans, but it is until the end of the forties when it consolidates as a tourist destination, with the strengthening of the management of President Miguel Alemán Velasco, and together with beach destinations in Mexico . During the first half of the 20th century, Taxco is a must see; great characters of the time arrive in our city, until the silver industry detonates
TAXCO OF THE XXI CENTURY
Nowadays, when the economic life of the last thirty years has been precisely the trigger of silverware, Taxco continues to be a place where tourism is the key to its future and development. It has a tangible and intangible cultural heritage that contains elements such as its history, its architecture (dating from the sixteenth century), its climate, the region where the city is located , mining, gastronomy and much more … make Taxco “La Joya de México”.